The Research Infrastructures participating in the HadronPhysics3 Integrating Activity offer transnational access for state-of-the-art research based on unique performance of the accelerators and high quality of service and equipments. These facilities supply a coherent spectrum of capabilities to maximise the synergies with the available resources.
The European Centre for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas (ECT*) in Trento (Italy) provides a broad spectrum of dedicated and structured activities for established and young researchers, theoretical and experimental physicists, from all over the world. ECT* offers a unique combination of projects in high-level scientific exchange, dedicated research and advanced training to the international community working in Nuclear Physics in a broad sense.
The Mainz Microtron MAMI consists of two sources for unpolarised and polarised electrons, followed by an injection linac, three consecutive racetrack-microtrons and a harmonic double sided microtron. The racetrack microtrons, also known as MAMI A & B, accelerate the electrons in steps of 15 MeV to an energy of up to 885 MeV.
GSI is an accelerator facility for ion beams and secondary pion beams which is unique in Europe. It repeatedly enabled researchers to make new, and sometimes unexpected, discoveries. The high quality of accelerators are complemented by a large number of technically highly advanced experimental facilities.
The Cooler Synchrotron and Storage Ring COSY has a race track design and delivers polarised and unpolarised proton and deuteron beams in the momentum range from 300 MeV/c up to 3.7 GeV/c. Two systems for phase space cooling of the beam are in operation: an electron cooler operating up to 645 MeV/c and a stochastic cooling system working up to the maximum momentum. With the phase space cooling high precision beams with a very low emittance can be prepared.
The Frascati National Laboratories (LNF), founded in 1955, are the oldest and biggest labs of INFN and are devoted to fundamental research in nuclear and subnuclear physics. They were built to host the electron synchrotron, which at that time, with its energy of 1.1 GeV, represented a world record. Around 1960, a new accelerator concept was conceived and demonstrated in Frascati: a colliding-beam accelerator. All modern elementary particle storage rings descend from that first prototype, ADA (Anello Di Accumulazione).